According to the Enough Project, presentations to the United Nations Security Council by the Special Representatives on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Children and Armed Conflict called for sanctions under Resolution 2136 on those who use rape as a weapon of war and recruit child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Thousands of women in eastern Congo are routinely violated, and reports state that 42,000 children have been recruited to fight. Many of the perpetrators of these crimes finance their operations through illicit trade in gold and conflict minerals. Sanctions like asset freezes and travel bans would aim to cripple them financially, while also making a clear statement that their behavior is intolerable.

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