HRB Logo Here are this week’s top human rights headlines: Africa South Sudan was recently described as “one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world” by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. In March, the UN issued a report detailing allegations of sexual violence and human rights abuses committed throughout the country. The civil war has also left thousands of people without food, creating a hunger crisis. The UN Human Rights chief spoke at the UN Human Rights Council about the human rights situation in Burundi. Over 400 people have been killed since April and tensions are increasing daily. The violence began in response to President Nkurunziza seeking a third term, which is a violation of the Burundian constitution. Asia China responded to a joint statement from the United States and eleven other countries that criticized China’s crackdown on human rights and detention of lawyers and activists. China rejected the criticism and instead accused the United States of hypocrisies, citing the Guantanamo Bay detention facility and the disproportionate amount of incarcerated black Americans. Europe The EU and Turkey are working on a deal to mitigate the flow of migrants into Europe. While the negotiations include financial considerations and political rewards to incentivize receiving migrants, critics, including reporters and diplomats, are concerned the talks could fall through. EU diplomats are skeptical that Turkey will be able to meet the required benchmarks in time. On March 17, the EU and Armenia met in Yerevan for the seventh round of human rights dialogues. The talks are focusing on a range of issues of mutual interest and concern, including the protection and promotion of human rights in Armenia. Latin America President Obama will be the first sitting President to visit Cuba since President Coolidge. A conservation biologist and international law professor, Joe Roman, is advocating for Guantanamo Bay to be repurposed as a marine research institution and peace park. Professor Roman wants to redevelop the base to redeem America’s reputation. A woman from El Salvador who was threatened by gangs after they murdered her son has petitioned to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to halt her deportation. Lawyers are arguing that the woman did not get a fair chance to tell U.S. immigration officials about fears for her life if returned to El Salvador. She has also asked the Commission to take precautionary measures and direct the United States not to deport her. Middle East/North Africa The Syrian crisis is now in its fifth year. Despite allegations of using chemical weapons, the massacre of Yazidis and other minority groups, and the alarmingly high number of refugees, the West has still taken a very passive approach to the conflict and has not united together to attempt to bring the conflict to an end. Peace talks are underway in Geneva to develop steps to resolving the Syrian crisis. Negotiators and advisers from both the Syrian regime and opposition are working together to prevent more bloodshed, as over 270,000 lives have already been lost. United States President Obama will visit Buenos Aires, Argentina in late March 2016. The White House announced that it will move to declassify U.S. military and intelligence records related to Argentina’s “Dirty War,” in an attempt to bring closure to questions about the U.S. government’s involvement. On March 17, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry proclaimed that ISIS is committing genocide against Christians and other minorities in Iraq and Syria. Despite the use of the word “genocide,” Secretary Kerry did not state what ramifications this will have on parties’ obligations to the conflict, and he declined to answer questions.